What do moisturising creams consist of? The most important ingredients and their properties.

Moisturising cream is a basic cosmetic own by almost every woman. Why? This cosmetic protects your skin against freeze or hot sun. It calms irritations and smooths skin. It makes wrinkles less visible and lighters discolourations. To be precise, for your skin will take care valuable ingredients contained in the product.

Not every cosmetic moisturises skin. So that product has hydrating or oil providing properties it has to contain certain ingredients. Substances like that can be found in oily and semi-oily creams, serums and soothing irritations preparations. For moisturising cream to ensure complex skin care it should be chosen accordingly to its needs and type. How does cosmetic like this work? As you can probably figure it out, cream does not deliver skin with water, but rather preserves it in its inner structures. This way it strengthens skin barrier, limits water evaporation and improves ability of skin to bind water in its deeper layers. As a result skin becomes smoother, softer and more elastic. Such effect is a merit of ingredients placed in moisturising creams.

To the most common ingredients used in moisturising creams belong: hyaluronic acid, collagen, glycerine, petroleum jelly, paraffin, silicon, urea and ceramides. Hyaluronic acid is a substance appearing naturally in the human body. Along with collagen and elastin, they create structure of derma. With age, amount of hyaluronic acid drops and that results with creation of wrinkles and discolourations. Face oval changes, skin becomes loose and collagen fibres distort. Use of creams with moisturising acid improves skin firmness, provides protection against factors from external world and restores proper level of hydration. Collagen, similarly to hyaluronic acid, is present in human organism. It is responsible for firmness, elasticity and softness of epidermis. Cosmetic with content of this ingredient, creates on the surface of skin protective layer, that makes it impossible for water to evaporate.

Glycerine is yet another substance often present in moisturising creams. It fills intercellular space and reaches deeper skin layers. In conditioning products, it is used as an emollient and moisturising ingredient. Its concentration in cosmetics cannot be higher than 25%, otherwise it would lead to dryness. Glycerine, just like petroleum jelly and paraffin can cause skin irritation, acne or blackheads. Another emollient added to moisturising creams is petroleum jelly. It consists of softening and smoothing properties. It protects skin against dryness and preserves water in deeper layers of skin. In conditioning products can be found also paraffin. It is being obtained from… crude oil. It protects and moisturises skin by creating on its surface protective film.

In the composition of moisturising creams are present also silicones. Those create sticky layer and cleanse skin from excess sebum. Silicones are also ingredients dedicated for hair care and lightening discolourations ointments. Urea contains oil providing properties. Its effectiveness depends on its concentration in the given cosmetic. Ceramides, on the other hand, are an ingredient of cells structure. Along with the age, their amount decreases, skin looses its firmness and young appearance. That is why use of moisturising creams is so important.